Journalist Ezra Klein explores what he calls “the gap,” encapsulated by the question, “Why is the Hillary Clinton described to me by her staff, her colleagues, and even her foes so different from the one I see on the campaign trail?” His analysis delves into several explanations but he favors the conclusion that it all comes down to her leadership style. Essentially, Clinton’s strategy of listening over talking may do her credit while on the job, but creates problems when she’s campaigning for a particular job.

Klein’s analysis includes clips of interviews with Clinton where she shares her own theory on the gap, as well as citations to academic studies that analyze the communication styles of men versus the communication styles of women.

As the first woman to run for president, we would expect a difference in the style of campaigning. Does her leadership style affect the negative perceptions of her? How is her listening rhetorical? How do expectations of presidential campaigns affect perceptions of her historic candidacy? Where do those expectations come from?